Muttertraum Op.40 No. 2 - Score

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Robert and Clara meet secretly, believing that they are soon to be together permanently. Wieck changes his mind in August and is once again virulently opposed to the marriage. As a critic he is able to attend many concerts—there is a famous review of a Liszt recital. Negotiations with Haslinger concerning the potential publication of the NZfM in Vienna quickly break down.

Much that seemed hopeful earlier in the year now seems to have reverted to its former pessimistic position. It will be the middle of August before the couple see each other again. Schumann experiences a spasm of jealousy concerning the musicologist Gustav Schilling who will publish a major musical encyclopaedia whom he believes is in love with Clara. In March Robert definitively decides that neither he nor his newspaper will fit into Viennese life; by 8 April he is back in Leipzig. There is little enduring that has come from this Viennese excursion apart from Faschingsschwank aus Wien Op 26 and the Drei Romanzen Op Robert initiates this long process on 16 July, something of a Rubicon.

In late August the couple are able to see each other again at last. Clara lives in Berlin at this time, and Schumann visits her there whenever he is able. He makes a long deposition, the first of a series, accusing Schumann of everything from unreliability to drunkenness and the composer refutes these allegations with character references of his own.

It is a sordid and protracted business. On 2 October Wieck once more fails to appear before the court. In November Robert suffers nervous exhaustion and a swelling of the left arm. Clara and Robert, as well as Wieck, make a court appearance on 18 December. The verdict of the court is awaited in the New Year.

Robert believes that if he were to have a doctoral degree it would help his case, and this is duly awarded him, honoris causa, by the University of Jena on 24 February. It may be too early to celebrate, but he clearly feels that victory is in the air. As a result, surely, from the beginning of February there is a veritable outbreak, perhaps the greatest of its kind in the history of song, of new and inspired compositions for voice and piano. February While Clara is in Hamburg giving concerts in February, and suffering from the greatest nervousness and disquiet, Schumann gives himself over to song composing, not only in assembling the numbers for Myrthen but writing so many other songs that they seem part of an unstoppable flood of creativity—some of them planned to be parts of bigger works or cycles, others offshoots and shavings from the bench, but of a very superior kind.

From 4 September Robert is with Clara in Weimar. The young married couple begin a Marriage Diary where they can write down their feelings and impressions. They are happily ensconced in an apartment in Leipzig 3, Inselstrasse which will be their home for the following four years. Clara plays a Chopin Piano Concerto in the same concert. May—July Having already written the Phantasie in A minor for piano and orchestra that will later become the first movement of the Piano Concerto Schumann works on a second Symphony in D minor. He later sketches a C minor Symphony. Neither work is completed.

The composer Schumann suffers pangs of loneliness and studies the string quartets of Haydn, Mozart and Beethoven. This will become a pattern of the marriage—the composer soon realizes that he has far less of a public profile than his famous piano-playing wife. June Schumann works on his three string quartets Op Many of the songs composed in are published at this time Opp 36, 39, He agrees to teach at the Leipzig Konservatorium.

He completes the work in May and it is given its first performance in December when he makes a successful debut as a conductor. One can only imagine that his fears about the marriage have been placated by the birth of two healthy grandchildren.

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They are in Saint Petersburg by 4 March and stay there almost a month, becoming friendly with the brothers Nikolai and Anton Rubinstein. The couple are back in Leipzig by 24 May. Hans Christian Andersen visits the composer in Leipzig. August Clara now also joins the teaching staff of the Conservatorium. Dichterliebe Op 48 is published and Robert continues with work on his Faust-Szenen. September—October Despite a holiday in the Harz mountains Robert feels unwell and he suffers a number of anguished and sleepless nights. November First meeting with the thirteen-year-old violinist Joseph Joachim — December The Schumanns take their leave of Leipzig with a farewell concert at which the Piano Quartet in E flat major is given its first performance.

On 15 December they move to Dresden and take up residence there at Waisenhausstrasse No 6. He writes to Mendelssohn confessing the terrible state of his mental health and his ongoing anxiety attacks. When hearing the opera for the first time in November he favourably revises his opinion as to its worth. He initiates a new series of subscription concerts in Dresden with Ferdinand Hiller as conductor.

Later in the month he works on the sketch of the Symphony No 2 in C major Op October—November Completion of the instrumentation of Symphony No 2, and its first performance in the Gewandhaus 5 November conducted by Mendelssohn. With their two elder daughters, Robert and Clara set off by coach to Prague and thence by train to Vienna where they stay until January The Schumanns are offended by the frosty reception given to both his music and her playing in the Imperial city.

April Robert begins work on the overture of a new projected opera, Genoveva. He completes work on the Szenen aus Goethes Faust. It is offered as a birthday present to Clara Schumann on 13 September. He travels to Leipzig for the funeral on 6 November. He continues to work on the opera throughout the year until he completes it in August, and Clara prepares the piano score. There is a marked increase in his composition of choral music. February The outbreak of revolutionary unrest in Germany. These waves of insurrection will affect Schumann more directly in in Dresden.

Schumann: Edition

The politically active Wagner flees Dresden and takes refuge with Liszt in Weimar. The Schumann family retreats to neighbouring Maxen, and then Kreischa, to avoid any danger. Not a particularly glorious moment for Robert, who had once imagined himself fit and able to man the barricades. Parts of Op 79 are composed in Kreischa.

Five Songs, Op.40

They rent a new apartment. A period of continual ill-health. Schumann finds it increasingly difficult to conduct the choir and orchestra. August A visit to Antwerp where Schumann judges a vocal competition and Brussels. The couple lived for many years in London. He complains constantly of illness and depression. Manfred is conducted by Liszt in Weimar. November Schumann experiences head-noises and strange singing in the ears. April Robert experiments with the latest craze for the paranormal and develops an enthusiasm for table-tapping.

Schumann plans to move to Berlin or Vienna.

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Visit to Holland. He suffers bouts of panic and hallucinations. This is a suicide attempt. Robert is put under the care of doctors and two male nurses. Clara leaves the house to live with friends. These reports settle once and for all, and despite various theories to the contrary over many years, that Schumann was indeed suffering from tertiary syphilis. The composer is forbidden to see his wife.

He will stay there for two years. July Robert sends a bouquet of flowers to Clara. He is permitted to receive a letter from her in August and replies in September. He writes more often to Clara, heartbreaking letters for the reader. In December Joachim visits the composer. As a Christmas present she sends him portraits of Brahms and Joachim. In January Schumann composes a fugue. When Brahms visits him in April he is unable to understand a word that Schumann says to him.

On that visit Brahms is completely devastated by what he sees. Clara, long forbidden by Dr Richarz to visit her afflicted husband, sees him for the last time on 27 June between 6 and 7 in the evening. He smiles at her and with the greatest difficulty puts his arm around her—he can no longer easily move his limbs.

Fischer-Dieskau - Schumann Recital '88 Part 4 - op. 40

For the next two days Clara is by his side. He is never still and is in constant, writhing torment. He has not eaten for days, but is able to suck drops of wine from her finger. Robert Schumann dies on 29 July and is buried at Endenich on the evening of 31 July. Clara Schumann dies almost forty years later on 20 May Of her seven children, two—Felix and Julie—predecease her.