LGBT Culture and the Portrayal of LGBT People in Thailand
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So, I wanted to make a film which tells these stories. But I don't intend to point to any conclusions or problems. I just want to pitch the question to society and see what conclusion they reach after watching the film," said Anucha.
The director believes the portrayal of gay men in most Thai films still follows the usual stereotypes, but he also believes that the situation is gradually improving. But that is being developed and changing for the better. People can now see that gay men don't have to be feminine. They are just ordinary men who happen to like men. Gay films nowadays don't just focus on romance and heartbreak. They now tell stories of humanity, society, politics and other things," he said.
Other Services. Rainbow screen stars 0. A scene from The Blue Hour. Do you like the content of this article? Jungle music. BACC plants seeds for good theatre.
A feather in the K-beauty cap. Given that younger GBMSM are more likely to leverage virtual spaces, as evidenced by these data, the use of digital data for size estimation represents a strategy to inform the numbers and HIV prevention, treatment, and care needs of young GBMSM [ 41 ]. While the legal challenges of consent remain, especially in settings where same-sex practices are criminalized, there is a clear need to scale up evidence-based and human rights-affirming HIV prevention strategies for younger GBMSM, including condoms, lubricants, and preexposure prophylaxis PrEP.
There are several limitations in the methods and results presented here.
The Terms of Visibility: Between Queer and LGBT in Curating Art in “Asia”
Moreover, the extent of specificity is likely subject to specific cultural contexts, thereby leading to overestimating the numbers of GBMSM with this metric. The metric used for Hornet was unique users with only one account allowed per device. While it is feasible to create multiple accounts on Facebook with unique email addresses, this likely represents a very low proportion of users.
Although Internet usage is increasing rapidly, there is less access in many lower- and middle-income countries, which may underestimate the numbers of GBMSM. However, Internet access around the world continues to increase, especially due to the rapid increase in affordable smartphones, suggesting that the utility of social media-based estimates of population size will increase over time.
Moreover, some of the respondents captured online in low- and middle-income countries may be expatriates rather than GBMSM from that country. The contribution of expatriates to these estimates is considered to be low, given the limited number of expatriates, and only people who noted the country as their country of residence were included. Additional research studying appropriate search strategies according to each social media platform, including large platforms not studied in these analyses, are required.
Building collaborations with social media platforms may also facilitate improved estimates of population size along with insights into appropriate strategies to deliver interventions that leverage these platforms. Taken together, these data clearly suggest a significant discrepancy between size estimates of GBMSM reported by normative agencies and estimates from digital sources.
Thailand’s Intolerance of Its Own LGBT Community Will Surprise You
Over four decades of the HIV pandemic, GBMSM have been well known to bear a disproportionate burden of HIV due to the biology of the virus, which is compounded by criminalization, intersectional stigma, discrimination, and violence. Deriving estimates of the numbers of people at risk of acquiring and living with HIV is complex, and other studies have highlighted these challenges for other populations. Developing common methods of counting GBMSM, especially the use of central data collection with consistent approaches, provides an additional data source that is directly comparable across settings.
Although these additional approaches have biases, they are complementary to the biases of existing methods. The approach presented here that leverages social media is imperfect, but is relatively low cost to implement and provides comparable estimates across a large range of countries, including some with no extant estimates. Triangulating multiple data sources including social media may facilitate optimal estimations of the numbers of GBMSM for program planning, evaluation, and estimates of HIV epidemic dynamics.
These methods also allow for the estimation of numbers of GBMSM in settings where stigma and risks of violence are too great to even report in this paper [ 44 ]. The practice of pointing to no data in this instance nonexistent GBMSM size estimates to justify not funding or grossly underresourcing programs for GBMSM has long been identified by advocates, and should be challenged. Not doing so runs the risk of having evidence-based and human rights-affirming programs that address specific needs of GBMSM disappear.
Ultimately, we cannot overstate the importance of understanding the characteristics and numbers of those most affected by HIV to truly achieve an AIDS-free generation. The funders had no role in study design, data collection and analyses, decision to publish, or preparation of the manuscript. Distribution of Facebook identified same-sex interests by country — expanded Table 2.
All other authors declare no conflicts of interest. National Center for Biotechnology Information , U. Published online Feb 8. Reviewed by Teymur Noori and Elizabeth Fearon. Author information Article notes Copyright and License information Disclaimer. Corresponding author. Corresponding Author: Stefan Baral ude. This article has been cited by other articles in PMC. Objective This study leverages estimates of the number of members of a social app geared towards gay men Hornet and members of Facebook using self-reported relationship interests in men, men and women, and those with at least one reported same-sex interest.
Conclusions The ability to use social media for epidemiologic and HIV prevention, treatment, and care needs continues to improve. Introduction Consensual sex between adult men remains stigmatized in much of the world. Methods The overarching goal of this study was to assess the utility of using data on users of mobile phone apps and social media communities to obtain estimates of GBMSM population sizes.
Open in a separate window. Table 2 Distribution of Facebook-identified same-sex interests by country. Limitations There are several limitations in the methods and results presented here. Conclusions Over four decades of the HIV pandemic, GBMSM have been well known to bear a disproportionate burden of HIV due to the biology of the virus, which is compounded by criminalization, intersectional stigma, discrimination, and violence. Click here to view. Multimedia Appendix 6 Distribution of Facebook identified same-sex interests by country — expanded Table 2.
Multimedia Appendix 7 Age distribution of male Facebook users by country proportion of males. References 1. Carroll A, Mendos LR. Geneva: May, . Estimating the size of key populations: current status and future possibilities. AIDS Behav. Baral S, Phaswana-Mafuya N. Sahara J. Global health burden and needs of transgender populations: a review. The Lancet. Khan S, Khan OA.
Conclusion To bring queer-themed curatorial practices in contemporary art to bear on the questions and methods sketched at the beginning of this article is to purse the relevance of such curatorial work to Queer Asian Studies and vice-versa , extending objects and interests for both avenues of inquiry. In broad terms, exhibitions must explore the contextual vicissitudes of identity, expression, concealment, revelation, experience and memory.
Brian Curtin is an Irish-born lecturer, art writer and curator of contemporary art.
Rainbow screen stars
He publishes on dialogues between contemporary art, Queer theory and studies in visual and material cultures. Brian Curtin. Not only do his businesses encourage and create job and training opportunities for the community, his nonprofit initiative, the Keshav Suri Foundation KSF , has also launched TRANSaction, a series of acting workshops in Delhi and Mumbai for transpersons, this year.
The industry should harness the talent available in the community, at least for trans roles.
Alternative channels and internet-driven platforms have, in fact, given better representation to the LGBTQ community than the silver screen. The advent of multinational streaming platforms such as Netflix and Amazon Prime — besides the ubiquitous and free YouTube — let all kinds of talents and ideas out of the bag.
Ansari, 32, is an articulate and passionate spokesperson for the cause of affirmative action, especially when it comes to LGBTQ persons playing themselves on the big screen. He, in fact, partnered to conduct acting workshops for TRANSaction after a year-long unsuccessful bid to find a trans actor to play the lead role in his ongoing film project, a family drama called Sabr. Let us celebrate it and mainstream it in a way that every person can understand. The first mainstream Bollywood film to touch on a homosexual theme after the historic Supreme Court verdict that decriminalised gay sex last September was Ek Ladki Ko Dekha Toh Aisa Laga , co-written by transwoman and activist Gazal Dhaliwal.
Everyone agrees that the striking down of Section of the Indian Penal Code and the decriminalising of gay sex by the Supreme Court have helped pave the way for more visibility for the gay and lesbian community. In a well-intentioned effort to create opportunities for her best friend who happened to be a transwoman and others like her, Delhi-based Reena Rai launched the Miss TransQueen beauty pageant in The former caterer and mother of a little girl confronted formidable resistance, not just from potential advertisers and venue hosts who believed that identification with such an event would negatively affect their branding, but also from the trans community itself.
But there was hardly anything to gain for her, she says, especially in the first edition when the event drained her personal financial resources. Determined to help her trans friends find opportunities, especially in Bollywood, Rai pushed ahead with the second edition and struck a chord this time around.
Soon, job offers began pouring in for the contestants from companies looking to expand their diversity portfolios. Netflix drama Sacred Games portrayed a transwoman in a pivotal, powerful role. One of them, Navya Singh, is in tears when she narrates her journey. After passing three rounds, she was dropped from the show. Dejected, she says, she took up an assignment in Jaipur and left Mumbai. They shot my family in my village near Katihar.
Imagine how it must have been for my parents: it was hard enough to accept my sex change from a boy to woman, and then they also had to talk about it on camera. The shoot was never aired, she says, and she was not given any explanation. He was selected purely for his singing ability.